Ethernet Cables & It's Specification

Ethernet cables also used to connect devices to a certain Local Area Network (LAN) which includes routers, switches, and Personal computers. There are different types of cables designed for different functions. Task-specific cables have unique portfolios to perform a particular task effectively. Different materials such as metals and insulations are used to fabricate a cable for enhanced performance.

Depending on the material content Ethernet cables are divided as:

1-Solid and stranded

2-Shielded and unshielded

Solid cable is composed of a single copper wire extending along the entire lengths for ultimate performance. It is less flexible than the stranded ones but is more expensive of the two. Stranded cable more than one wire twisted, curled and rolled over one another. Stranded cables are meant for flexibility and can be remolded in various shapes according to varying requirements. Shielded cables have an extra bit of layering or coating to combat electromagnetic influx from external sources or the nearby devices. An insulation foil allows smooth and uninterrupted data transactions and avoids any disruptions. It is meant for high-speed Ethernet connections where the normal speed ranges surpass 10GB. Higher the value of data transmission more effective becomes the shielded brand of cables.

Unshielded cables are meant for normal levels of data transmission as it doesn't support deterrence against foreign intruders in the form of electromagnetic influx. Category 3 Ethernet cables (CAT 3) is the oldest model of patch cable and supports bandwidths of up to 16 MHz Category 5 cables (CAT 5) is an unshielded cable like the Category 3 one but supports higher levels of bandwidths. It has the capacity to withstand 100 Mbps speeds. Category 5e cables (CAT5e)is a pro version of CAT5 and is a step ahead when it comes to dealing with the bandwidths. CAT 5e allows smooth data transmissions for bandwidths up to 100 MHz

Category 6 cables (CAT6) is very much similar to CAT 5e in design and performance but is equipped with an extra bit of layering (insulation) to overcome electromagnetic influxes. CAT 6a and CAT 7 are improved versions of patch cables and allow the swift flow of data's with ultra-high rates of 10,000 Mbps.