Two Major Types of Gallbladder Diseases

Gastrointestinal diseases refers to the ailments that involve the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the stomach, small intestine, esophagus, large intestine, rectum and the other accessory organs of the digestive system like pancreas, liver and gallbladder. Gastrointestinal diseases include various types of ailments, ranging from irritable bowel movement syndrome, liver tumors, esophageal cancer to hepatitis C, diverticular diseases and perianal infections.

Gallbladder diseases

Medical conditions relating to the gallbladder are one of the major kinds of gastrointestinal diseases. Gallbladder is essentially a small pear-shaped sac that is located beneath your liver. The main function of your gallbladder is to store the bile produced by the liver and to pass it along with the help of a duct that drains into the small intestine. This bile aids you to digest fats in your small intestine.

Majority of the gallbladder diseases are caused due to inflammation and irritation of the gallbladder walls, which is referred to as cholecystitis. This inflammation occurs often due to the gallstones obstructing the ducts that lead to the small intestine and subsequently causing bile to build up. This process may ultimately lead to tissue destruction or necrosis, or gangrene.

Types of gallbladder diseases

There can be several of types of gallbladder diseases, two of the major ones are:

Gallstones develop when certain elements found in the bile [such as bile salts, calcium and cholesterol] or some constituents of the flood [such as bilirubin] form strong particles which obstruct the passageways to the bile ducts and the gallbladder. Gallstones may also form when the gallbladder does not empty entirely or regularly enough. These gallstones can develop in various sizes; they can be as small as a sand grain or as big as a tennis ball.

Multiple factors contribute to the development of gallstones, including the following:

Also referred to as the bile duct cancer, Cholangiocarcinoma is a type of cancer that comprises of mutated epithelial cells or the cells that show characteristics of epithelial differentiation that develops in the bile duct and drains the bile to the small intestine from the liver. Cholangiocarcinoma is one of the most common tumors of the bile duct and may involve the bile duct at lower CBD, intrahepatic biliary system or liver hilum. Hilar is the most common types of cholnagiocarcinoma. The major symptoms of Cholangiocarcinoma include weight loss and anorexia, itching, painless jaundice, as well as fever and pain abdomen in the case of cholangitis.

The main risk factors of Cholangiocarcinoma are the follows:

These were two of the major types of gallbladder diseases; other chief types of gallbladder ailments include gallbladder cancer and bile duct stone. In case you are suffering from one of the gallbladder related medical conditions, then you should definitely consult a renowned gastroenterologist in Delhi at the earliest.