Stem Cell Treatment For Multiple Sclerosis New Hope For Patients
The stem cells therapy for multiple sclerosis, has recently declared the good news that it is much more effective in treating the autoimmune condition than many currently established conventional treatment regimen. The procedure more widely acknowledged as a bone marrow stem cells transplant allows degradation of existing faulty immune system and allows complete reformation of a new cell line. Thus, since disease causing cells are being completely removed or degenerated due to immunosuppression, an entire new set of immune system is being established.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease related to the nervous system, which affects individual's brain and spinal cord. It is a type of autoimmune disorder that damages a myelin sheath, a conducting material surrounding brain and protecting our nerve cells. The progressive damage to myelin sheath may lead to lack of conductance of important messages from central nervous system to different vital organs of the body. The symptoms related to multiple sclerosis can be noted as:
The exact cause of its occurrence is still not known completely, but being autoimmune disorder; it can primarily be linked with genetic predisposition. Through current investigation, multiple sclerosis may often hit women between the age group of 20-40; although, initially the disease seems to be very mild it may get progressively worse, wherein the person loses its ability to walk, write and speak.
Conventionally, treatments such as steroidal medicines, physiotherapy, etc. can be offered; but it should be noted that long term application of steroidal medicine may be associated with multiple organ failure and hence should be avoided at first instances. Moreover, steroidal consumption has found to have significant effect in delaying the disease progression, but is not evidently proven to cure the disease manifestation at any case.
Stem cells in this regard, can referred to be as an alternative therapy for delaying the progression of multiple sclerosis and reversing the damaging effect of the same. Stem cells are identified to be the naive cells of human body, with an ability to differentiate into cells of various tissues. These cells are primarily present in the human embryo and have been assigned a task to develop an entire cellular structure of an individual. During human development, these stem cells store a reserved fraction in all fully developed adult organs of our body, to allow them to be used by the body in case of a crisis or diseased condition.
Science and technology has now allowed easy isolation of these mighty cells outside the body and enrichment in a controlled condition. These activated stem cells can then be infused back in the body at the site of injury to allow them to differentiate into lost organs. In case of diseases such as multiple sclerosis, although stem cells cannot be helpful in altering genetic condition, but can certainly be offering differentiated neuronal cells to make over the damage. Additionally, these stem cells are also identified to be very helpful in regulating the immune system and thus delaying the progression of a diseased condition.
Although, more and more research is still on its way to identify various ways to optimize stem cells therapy for multiple sclerosis, currently autologous stem cells isolated from patients own bone marrow can referred to be the best alternative for minimizing the damaging effects of faulty immune system.