Schools For Special Needs - Serving The Students Holistically
Special needs schools in NYC have been kindling the unique needs of students through their precise programs and services that look after the specific needs of each student. It's equally important for parents to thoroughly understand these services to get an idea about special needs schools in NYC and their outlook towards learning disabilities. Below are broad classifications of some of these services:
Supplementary services include functional behavioral assessments and individualized support. Behavioral assessment is conducted for any student whose behavior becomes a hurdle for their interaction with classroom activities. It is a meticulous process of assessing the natural impulses of each student and how they lead to certain behaviors that may affect the overall learning ability of that student. The results of these functional behavioral assessments can pave the way to precisely formulated strategies that can help to address the problematic behavior.
Individualized support include rephrasing of questions and instructions, providing more time for students to move between classes, providing seating plans as per the wishes of some students and so on. Additional support like highlighted reading materials, and pre-written notes or study guides are also provided under individualized support programs.
Integrated Co-Teaching (ICT) facilitates the classrooms of special needs schools in NYC with two teachers. One of them is trained in general education and the other in special education. These classes include students who suffer from learning disabilities as well as students who don't. The teachers work collaboratively in ICT environments and give due emphasis to each student's specific needs to bring the entire class to a level playing field, so that both sections of the classroom learn from each other. The number of students with disabilities in an ICT class may not exceed 40% of the total class or a maximum of 12.
Children receiving ICT may also receive related services, or other supplementary aids and services as needed. The child's Individualized Education Program (IEP) may include:
Schooling for a group
These are self-contained services provided for children who are grouped together on the basis of similar educational needs. Along with the similarities in learning disabilities, common learning characteristics, and management are also considered.
These classes comprise of 6 to 15 students. The teaching staff consists of a special education teacher and a paraprofessional. In order to provide a more intensive and constant adult supervision to particular students, the student to staff ratio is adequately increased and is stated in the IEPs of those students.
Home schooling and hospital instruction services
There are days when students are unable to attend their classes due to emotional or psychological stresses, physical fatigue, or some other medical condition. The monotony of the everyday classroom visit may also take a toll on some students. Home schooling services are temporary arrangements that are incorporated to address such issues so that students can keep up with the studies despite their physical absence from classrooms. It must be noted that home schooling programs give limited course options and should only be a part of the comprehensive academic program for students with special needs.
Students receive the hospital (teaching services in a hospital) instruction when they get admitted to a hospital due to a medical condition. The extent of such instructions is kept in coherence with a student's medical condition as well as the doctor's recommendations. In order to avoid any delays in the transition of a student from hospital instruction to home schooling after he/she is discharged from the hospital, parents must proactively submit a request for the home schooling program in advance.