Relevancy of Equity in a Business

Every business entity strives to sustain its operations in the industry, with the major goal of providing income and as an asset which can be sold at a later date for profit.

Equity is the net worth of the assets less the liabilities associated with the business in the balance sheet. It depicts the value of the business after all the debts have been paid off. Thus it describes the owners' interest in an investment since the more equity one has the better the value one bestows the enterprise.

It can be expressed in the total amount of ownership an entrepreneur has in the business. For instance, a small enterprise owner who has $250,000 in all assets, a liability of $190,000 in debts, and their effective equity is $40,000. That is the Owners' Equity. For larger firms owned by shareholders, the owner's equity is represented by the number of shares they have in the corporation as Shareholding Equity.


One can never have enough equity in their enterprises. If an owner's equity increases over time, so does the value of the business. They can sell the entities for profit or expand by attracting investors who pump in more cash flow to support expansion operations. The property assets value also increase with time raising the equity. Corporations, on the other hand, expand their entities by selling more shares of stock to budding investors for cash. This is also termed as equity financing and enables the corporation to raise a large number of Cash assets without incurring any debts.


Continuous expansion and growth lead to more profits and value for the corporation. Thus, it's important to contain the liabilities within limits to ensure profits for the entities. Improved profits, cash flow, and growth attract investors, who look to inject equity in a company for private investments. Since capital is limited to financing projects, investors are choosy about their options. Their knowledge of business management long-term plans and viability aid their decision on investing in them. A profitable entity with a high debt-equity ratio and is more attractive than one at a preliminary start-up stage since it's already established.


The growth and potential of a company attract an equity investor. Friends, investors, and relatives are mainly the source of debts in small businesses. Mainly, friends don't require to be paid immediately and thus reduce the burden of debt in the statement. Equity Investors may inject some cash into the entity which they deem increasing in value reducing the debts. Debt financing through financial institutions is also as the source of capital though it poses a burden of repayments which may come with penalties due to default. It is better to raise funds through equity financing if the entity is large enough since this doesn't come with any obligations.

Contributions and paid-in capital are monies that owners and investors contribute to the company in exchange for profits generated or an increase in the company's value. With common stock, the company makes no guarantees for these equity contributions. Equity shareholders provide funds that enable your company to perform actions such as acquiring assets, hiring personnel, or paying for marketing, with no or limited concerns about how to pay it back. Therefore, equity contributions only enhance cash flow.