Asthma - Causes And Symptoms

About twenty-nine million people in the United States are currently suffering from asthma. It is, at times, also called reactive airway disease or bronchial asthma depending on the affected area. Air is supplied to the lungs through the airways, and when it gets blocked or narrowed, it becomes extremely difficult for the person to breathe. The condition that disrupts the passage of air in and out of the lungs is known as asthma. The triggering factor for asthma can be anything from the irritants that are present in the air to things that you are allergic to. When the airways come into contact with these, it becomes sensitive. This leads to the airways growing narrow, inflamed, or swollen resulting in difficulty for the air to pass through.

Symptoms pointing towards Asthma

The symptoms associated with asthma are also associated with a number of other respiratory diseases. So it is very important to get an expert option before coming to the conclusion. Some of the symptoms that points towards asthma are:

● Wheezing

● Chest tightness

● Coughing that gets worse during early mornings and late nights

● Shortness of breath

Chronic asthma can result in very dangerous conditions. The person can have an asthma attack which can result in the loss of consciousness after a time of struggling to breathe. It has in some cases ended up being fatal too.

Risk Factors

Family history is one of the major risk factors associated with asthma. The chance of a person being affected increases if there is a family history of asthma issues.

Types of Asthma

There are three types of asthma depending on its origins. It can be associated with the workplace, age and physical activity.

Childhood- these are the type of asthma that affects children which are quite obvious from its name. It is one of the most common diseases that is seen in children and is mostly affected to those who are under the age of five.

● Exercise- it is the kind of asthma that is developed during exercise. It mostly affects the healthy as they would have no idea about the condition previously.

Occupational- these are the ones that are contracted due to constant interactions with harmful gases and irritants that the person is allergic to in their workplace. The condition can literally make it tough for the person to perform at work and have been the leading cause for people leaving the jobs at mines, chemical factories, or industries.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Asthma can be diagnosed by an allergist or an immunologist by lung tests and physical examination. Treatment involves the process to contain the symptoms and asthma attacks as it cannot be cured. Quick-relief medicines are most common such as an inhaler, and long-term treatment helps to get rid of the symptoms and lead you back to the normal life.