How to Diagnose Asthma in Children?
Young children, especially infants and the toddlers are more vulnerable to ailments than adults. This is because the immune system is not very developed at such a young age. As a result, children acquire bacterial and viral infections faster. In fact, seasonal changes and even indiscipline in diet and sleep might take a toll on their health. Parents need to take extra care of children so that they do not acquire any ailment, especially any which can affect the respiratory system. Respiratory ailments tend to be chronic in nature and once acquired, take a lot of time to heal. If you find that your child is coughing or sneezing in an abnormal fashion, or an adverse throat condition persists for more than a week, you must consult a physician. It is always advisable to visit a reputed child specialist instead of going to a general medical practitioner.
Among all the respiratory ailments, which might affect your child, the most dangerous is asthma. Asthma in children is highly persistent. Most of the times, it is discovered that the condition of asthma is inherited by the child genetically. This means that the disorder cannot be cured, however it can be effectively treated and managed with intensive therapy. Today, a number of breathing therapies have been developed by medical researchers which have been proven to be quite effective in pacifying the symptoms of bronchial asthma.
However, all asthmatic conditions are not hereditary. Some of these are caused by allergic reactions. As children like to play outdoors, and do not have the skill to protect the oral and nasal cavities from external substances, it is highly likely for them to get affected by allergens such as pollen grains, smoke etc. Allergies that affect the nasal cavity are known as allergic rhinitis and is quite common among children. In such cases, parents need not panic at all. Instead, they should arrange for proper medication as soon as possible. Anti-histamines are considered highly effective treatment. Most anti-histamines are sold over the counter in medical stores.
In infants, it might be very difficult to diagnose the condition. In some cases, the infant might be suffering from a respiratory difficulty without the knowledge of the parents. As infants cannot express their pain effectively, they might keep suffering unable to communicate the problem. This is exactly the reason why parents should monitor every slight change in the behaviour of the child. The best way to identify a respiratory ailment in infants is to check the breathing pattern of the baby while he or she is sleeping. If the infant makes any kind of wheezing sound in its sleep, a physician needs to be consulted.