What Are The Different Diverticulitis Complications That You Should Be Aware Of

In industrialized countries, the incidence of diverticulitis is common and has dramatically risen over time. Those who have this condition are not aware, as it is often asymptomatic and they find out about it after they undergo a test for other medical problems. In addition, they become aware that they have the condition only when complications develop which require intervention through home treatment or surgery to remove the diseased part.

The etiology of the diverticular disease is unknown though some researchers believe that factors that cause it include poor dietary habits, changes in the pressure and intestinal wall which is caused by ageing and obstruction caused by repeated attacks of the condition which scars the intestinal lining.

It is difficult to diagnose diverticulitis, as most of its symptoms are the same as that of other gastrointestinal disorders. Some people may be misdiagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, inflamed bowl disease, infected colitis, inflammation of the pelvic area and malignancy.

Complications

If the diverticulosis of the patient is not readily resolved in the given time frame, he or she needs to talk with their family physician. Most often, family physicians would recommend contacting a specialist surgeon to talk with the patient.

Perforation

One of the most common problems and the most serious one is the possibility of perforation or tear in the wall of the colon area. If the tear is small, surgeons can repair the localized perforation to contain the air leaking in the abdominal cavity. Repair is needed as soon as possible to prevent contamination of the cavity. The Hinchey classification is used to describe the condition of the perforation and serves as a guide for surgeons on how conservative they would be when performing emergency surgery.

Peritonitis

Peritonitis is another complication where the inner wall of the abdomen tissue (peritoneum) becomes infected. If treatment is not made readily, the infection may lead to infection of the other parts of the body, which can lead to sepsis of the body resulting to multiple organ failure.

Patients with peritonitis will experience nausea and a dull ache in the abdominal area or a feeling of distention. Fever, chills, vomiting, and extreme thirst are just some of the signs that the person have peritonitis.

These are just some of the complications that may develop for chronic diverticulitis. To know more about this diverticular disease, talk with your family physician about it and ask if a referral to a specialist is needed.