Complete Information of Cerebral Palsy - Palsy Problems in Children
Every parents searches for the best way of supporting their child. We know that each child with cerebral palsy is unique and every child can be supported to fulfill their individual potential, goals and inspirations. There are many interventions or supports that can help to reduce the impact of cerebral palsy on the body and improve the individual's quality of life.
Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term for a group of disorders that affects a person's ability to move. This mean that not everyone with cerebral palsy looks the same. There is a meaningful future for every child, adolescent and adult living with cerebral palsy. For every person there is a positive way forward through treatment and support, provided in partnership with individuals and their families.
Cerebral palsy is caused by an injury to the brain that usually happens during pregnancy or sometimes shortly after birth. Cerebral palsy affects in different ways because different parts of the brain can be injured, however it always has some impact on the person's movements and this is because the messages coming from the brain to the muscles are affected. Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood with 1 in 700 children born in India each year.
One of the first questions parents ask is 'why does my child have cerebral palsy?"
For many parents the answer to this question is not straight forward. In fact for most children the cause of cerebral palsy remains a mystery. How any individual baby sustains a brain injury is often difficult to work out. A great deal of research is happening in this field and what we currently know is that. There are a number of risk factors that alone or in combination may result in injury to the brain. The most significant of these include premature (babies born less than 37 weeks) and babies who born with low birth weight. This sometimes happens with twins or triplets. Other factor include the presence of blood clotting problems (for either mother or baby), problems with the placenta during pregnancy and some bacterial and viral functions. Lack of oxygen at birth plays a part for only a very small percentage of infants with cerebral palsy. In babies who acquire cerebral palsy after 1 month of age. Stroke is one of the most common cause.
Is cerebral palsy genetic?
I am often asked if cerebral palsy is genetic. Unlike down syndrome for instance, researches have not identified a gene that directly causes cerebral palsy. Rather, they now believe that a genetic predisposition to certain risk factors may be part of the picture. In order words, a genetic condition such as a blooding clotting disorder or heart problems, may result in an event, or series of events, that when combined can cause or increase the risk of injury to developing brain. Cerebral palsy can be diagnosed at any time from birth, with the average age for diagnosis being 18 months. For some infants their movement difficulties will be seen very early on. For other children, these difficulties may not be clear until they are a little older and it becomes clear that they are not progressing like other children of the same age.
Some of the signs that indicate a baby or child may have cerebral palsy include:
They feel floppy when they are picked up. They cannot hold up their head. Their muscles are stiff, they display unusual posture with their body. Their developmental milestones (such as rolling, sitting up, walking and talking) are delayed. As I mentioned earlier, cerebral palsy affects people in different ways and this is largely due to the location of the injury in the brain. Therefore, cerebral palsy is described in a number of ways including the parts of the body affected and the way in which it affects movement. Where the whole body affected that is both legs, both arms and the trunk this is called Quadiplegia. Where both legs are mainly affected this is called as diplegia. People with diplegia often have difficulty with fine movements of their hands. When one side of the body is affected for example, the left arm and the left legs. This is called Hemiplegia. The next way of describing cerebral palsy is to talk about the way it affects movement and the type of movement difficulties experienced by people with cerebral palsy. Spasticity is probably the most commonly known term. Spasticity is present in about 86% of people with cerebral palsy. It results in muscles that become stiff and tight which can make. It difficult for someone with spasticity to use their muscles easily.
Will my child walk and talk?
GMFCs which stands for gross motor function classification system. This looks at whether a person is likely to walk independently or will need a wheel chair. The second is MACS, stands for manual ability classification system. It identifies how much assistance someone might need using their hands. CFCS is stand for communication function classification system, it looks at how people with cerebral palsy communicate with others.