What Are The Symptoms Of Leprosy?
About World Leprosy Day:
Leprosy is an infectious disease which causes severe visible deformities which includes deterioration of the skin and limbs along with visual impairments. It is considered as one of the oldest infectious disease known to humankind. In the ancient times the people who were suffering from this disease were being shunned as outcasts. Upsurge of leprosy had affected people from almost every continent. In the past people were feared that leprosy was an incurable, mutilating and contagious disorder.
In the past people used to believe that leprosy was the result of their previous sins or its gods way to punish bad people but actually it's neither the sin nor the curse which causes leprosy, but the slow growing bacteria known as 'Mycobacterium leprae'. Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease as the Norwegian physician, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen discovered the bacteria 'Mycobacterium leprae' (M.leprae) in the year 1873.
So to eradicate this problem last Sunday of January is observed as World Leprosy Day. The major aim of the day is to lower down the cases of leprosy- related disabilities to the maximum and bring it down to zero and change this attitude and increase public awareness about the fact that leprosy is easily preventable and curable nowadays. Early detection is the main key to achieve the target of zero percent leprosy cases. The day was initiated by a French philanthropist and writer, Raoul Follereau in the year 1954, as a method to raise global awareness regarding to this deadly ancient disease and call attention to the fact that the disease can be prevented, treated and cured.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), in the year 2015 leprosy has affected nearly 212000 people all across the globe, among which 60% of people were from India.
In the year 2005, leprosy was eliminated from India. But since then new cases of leprosy got detected all across the country. In the year 2005-06, nearly 1, 61,457 new cases got registered from across the country. A decade later in the year 2015-16, the figure dropped down to 1, 27,334. Sadly, the cases of visible disabilities of leprosy diagnosis have risen from 3,015 in the year 2005-06 to 5,851 in the year 2015-16. The increase in the cases clearly indicates that the cases are being detected late.
There are certain symptoms which can tell you that you have been attacked by Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. The following symptoms are listed below:
In case you are experiencing any of the above listed symptoms, then immediately rush to the doctors for further medical consultation.
The day is also selected to pay homage to the life of Mahatma Gandhi and his death on 30th Jan 1984. As Mahatma Gandhi had never ending compassion for the people who were living with leprosy in those times. During his journey, Mahatma Gandhi worked tirelessly and effortlessly for the betterment of the leprosy patients.
So this leprosy day, let's take a step ahead and help those who are living with leprosy while giving them the same place and status in the society.