How to Prevent Heat Stroke
Heat stroke is a condition that causes fever and most of the time unconsciousness. Heat stroke occurs when an individual is exposed to excessive high temperatures. It is the gravest form of heat related injuries and it requires immediate medical attention. It is recommended if one witnesses heat stroke he should call medical help immediately and apply first aid to the affected individual. Heat stroke could be lethal. It can cause brain damage and other internal organs. People who are at the age bracket of 50 and above is more susceptible to heat stroke though it can also occur to young individuals especially athletes. Early sign of it includes cramps, fainting, and heat exhaustion which gradually grows severe. There are instances where no symptoms of heat stroke occur.
This could develop if an individual is exposed to high temperatures for an extended time and accompanied by a lack of fluid in the body. If this occur the body's temperature control system breaks down. Often times when this occurs symptoms of dizziness, disorder, and coma follows.
Other symptom of it includes:
If one witnesses an attack first aid should be applied. Putting the affected individual in a cool or shady place could help in cooling off the affected individual. Try cooling off the patient by using a fan or placing him in an air conditioned room will be beneficial. Apply ice packs to the body where heat mostly occurs. If the stroke occurs because of a really immense exposure to heat an ice bath may apply to reduce body temperature. If a person has experienced stroke, chances are affected individuals are more sensitive to high heat and extreme exercise. Taking vitamins and supplements rich in iodine and magnesium could help reverse the effect of heat exhaustion. In severe cases of stroke intravenous line may be placed to replenish loss of fluid inside the body. Hypoglycemia could occur from excessive exposure to extreme heat and it could be a sign of liver failure therefore, fluid replacement with 50% of dextrose should be given intravenously.
The goal of the treatment is to reduce body's temperature by at least 39 degrees Celsius. Active exterior cooling usually stops at 39 degrees Celsius to prevent hypothermia.