Two Well-known Engineering Branches in India And Its Benefits

The study of engineering can provide stimulating challenges, the opportunity to be creative and most of all can lead to an exciting and rewarding career. But before aspiring to become an engineer, it is advisable to get an overall idea about this profession.

Basically, to put it in simple terms, engineering is where you solve problems. To add a bit more to it, engineers use technical, as well as scientific knowledge in order to make judgments. By using their imaginations, they come up with solutions to problems either new or old.

Engineering courses have been and will be one of the most popular undergraduate courses in India in the coming years. The most common doubt among all engineering aspirants is about the course. The students are always uncertain about the engineering courses/branch/ specializations/ discipline. The interest and aptitude for the engineering stream is something which really matters. Selecting an engineering discipline can be very difficult. The aspirants often get confused whether to choose a stream of their choice or a reputed institute.

To answer these questions, we have listed out various engineering branches based on preceding trends and the preferences of other engineering aspirants.

Civil Engineering:

Civil engineering is the oldest and finest branches of eng. It includes construction, development, designing, supervisions of tunnels, highways, roads, buildings, dams and sewage systems.

Subjects: Other than the elementary eng subjects, the core subjects are Surveying, Building Construction Materials, Building & Town Planning, Water Resources & Irrigation, Advanced Construction, Foundation Eng etc.

Career Opportunities: Civil eng provides ample opportunities in various fields. They can seek employment in construction projects carried out by the government. These projects mainly involve public development works like airports, highways, sewage boards and railways. Engineers from this field can also work in research and teaching. They can also start their own business and provide services for construction, design and maintenance.

Areas of Specialization: Civil eng is a deep field of technical education. It has various areas of specializations after completion of the B.Tech degree. The sub-disciplines are Material Science, Construction , Structural, Surveying, Control , Environmental , Water Resources, Earthquake etc.

Companies: Some of the reputed firms which hire civil engineers are Emmar Properties, PCC, Shapoorji & Pallonji, European Contracting, White Young, etc.

Aerospace Engineering:

Aerospace is one of the most interesting and demanding career options. Students who have an interest in learning about missiles, satellites and aircraft usually opt for Aerospace Eng. It deals with the development of new technology in the field of aviation, space and defence systems. It involves designing and manufacturing of hi-tech systems.

This branch of Engineering is classified into two branches which are Aeronautical and Astronautical. Aeronautical Eng specializes in missiles, aircraft and helicopters. On the other hand, Astronautical includes space shuttles, rockets and space stations.

Subjects: In addition to the basic construction subjects, the core subjects include Aerodynamics, Aircraft Structures, Fluid Mechanics, Propulsion, Manufacturing & Assembly Drawing, Flight Dynamics, etc.

Career Opportunities: As an Aerospace Engineer it is very vital to decide the area of interest - whether one is interested in Aeronautical or Astronautical Eng. Both the branches have outstanding job opportunities. These engineers get jobs in Airlines, Air Force, Corporate Research Companies, Helicopter Companies, Aviation Companies, Defense Ministry NASA and many others.

Areas of Specialization: Students can opt for Post Graduation with specialization in Aerodynamics, Aerospace Structures, Aerospace Propulsion, Dynamics and Control, etc.

Companies: Some of the top recruiters in this field are Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Civil Aviation Department, Air India, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), India Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.